Small Groups

Small groups, otherwise known as quaternions, are set of four types that have a common theme.


Quadras are small groups that share the same valued functions (1st, 2nd, 5th and 6th) and subdued functions (3rd, 4th, 7th and 8th). The best intertype relations (identity, duality, activation and mirror) are found within a quadra. Click the heading for a more detailed description.

They also share three Reinin dichotomies: World-Accepting/World-Rejecting, Integrity-Seeking/Clarity-Seeking, and Aristocratic/Democratic.

Alpha: Includes ILE, SEI, ESE, and LII. Alphas prefer relaxed, aesthetically pleasing environments where positive emotions are expressed in the group with jokes and laughter.  They enjoy stimulating, fun, light-hearted conversation about theories and philosophy, where innovative, logical thought is prioritised, or telling stories often with physical or silly humour. There is an implicit belief that if you just have enough openness to different ideas and possibilities out there, that a perfectly elegant theory could explain everything, and childlike optimisim permeates their values. Happiness and wellbeing are prioritised, with unpleasant or harsh topics tending to be avoided. Alpha groups desire to be tolerant of different opinions and inclusive, with anyone being welcomed to join in rather than feel marginalised or shut down. Similarly, there is little desire for some to have authority over others, with everyone being treated on the same friendly level.

Beta: Includes EIE, LSI, SLE, and IEI. Betas prefer intense, special or purposeful belonging through a shared code, working towards a significant goal, or else seeking greater influence over their world. This belonging is exclusive, with passing certain tests or holding certain qualities or views of the world being required, while being rejected by a desired group can be painful. Those who act against the group, or hold views that attack its foundation may be treated as a common foe, while those within are fiercely protected as brothers and sisters. Emotions are expressed openly and authentically, with all passions, whether joyous, despairing or furious being treated with romanticised significance. The humour of these groups is often rough, ballbusting and raucous and there is often a clear hierarchy and pecking order in the way the group is structured, with more dominant personalities tending to lead. This hierarchy can be held together with rituals and symbols to grant greater meaning.

Gamma: Includes SEE, ILI, LIE, and ESI. Gammas prefer to remain independent from the controls and influences of other people, striving to make up their own mind and fulfil their own ambitions as a matter of personal achievement, not letting anyone else hold them back from reaping what they sow. They focus on protecting themselves and those individuals close to them from the dangers and evils of a harsh existence, looking to the future with caution and choosing prudent long-term initiatives, rather than what feels good in the here and now. Pragmatic, they will be sceptical of any professed 'perfect truth', looking critically for flaws that others have missed and treating whatever stands up to criticism as simply the best work in progress. This can make them feel ill at ease in any group hierarchy, preferring their own assessments of individuals based on their merits, and seeking informal influence through respect over any formalised authority. They approach people with initial distrust, harshly judging whose who do them wrong and keeping them at bay, while remaining doggedly loyal to those who have won their trust over time. 

Delta: Includes LSE, EII, IEE, and SLI. Deltas prefer functional, understated surroundings in which they are free to work on their own growth and personal development. They prefer to be self-sufficient, being able to do things themselves, or else learn how to improve themselves so that they no longer need to ask others for help. Often having high expectations for themselves, they try to do the best at whatever they do, and enjoy honing or mastering their craft, realising their inner potential and working to improve the world around them. Hating to feel stagnant, they must grow out in any and all directions, and hate to feel limited by commitments or imposed rules. Rather than fanciful pursuits, they are interested in all the possibilities that are useful in some way and provide some benefit to people's wellbeing. Desiring to increase utility and efficiency, they hate to waste valuable resources, seeking to optimise their processes to be as beneficial and conservational as possible. They approach friendships with good-faith judgement, seeking to intimately understand and appreciate the inner specialness of each person and growing disappointed should they not work in the right faith towards their own betterment. 


Temperaments share an overall orientation and patterns of eneragy and activity. They share three Reinin dichotomies: Introversion/Extraversion, Rationality/Irrationality, and Static/Dynamic.

Flexible-maneuvering (Extrovert + Irrational + Static): Includes ILE, SLE, SEE, and IEE. They are flexible, mobile, and impulsive.

Receptive-adaptive (Introvert + Irrational + Dynamic): Includes SEI, IEI, ILI, and SLI. They are relaxed, low-energy, and tend to go with the flow.

Linear-assertive (Extrovert + Rational + Dynamic): Includes ESE, EIE, LIE, and LSE. They are proactive and restless.

Balanced-stable (Introvert + Rational + Static): Includes LII, LSI, ESI, and EII. They are calm and balanced, but somewhat rigid.


Clubs are divided by two of the Jungian dichotomies than form part of their ego block: Ethics/Logic and Sensation/Intuition. They also share the Aristocratic/Democratic Reinin dichotomy. They are usually characterised as having similar interest and pursuits.

Researchers (Intuition + Logic): Includes ILE, LII, ILI, and LIE. They are most confident in understanding abstract, far-reaching information, often requiring logical inquiry and thought experimentation to understand their world theoretically, or drawing broad inferences from factual data. They are often the most 'detached' thinking about far off concepts rather than how they feel now.

Socialites (Sensation + Ethics): Includes SEI, ESE, SEE, and ESI. They are most confident in handling immediate, social situations, knowing how to manage people and operate well in conversational style, while instinctually knowing who can be relied on. They are often the most 'involved', knowing exactly how they feel and noticing the slight changes in people, keeping in touch and recalling details about their lives.

Pragmatists (Sensation + Logic): Includes LSI, SLE, LSE, and SLI. They are most confident in dealing with tactical and logistical problems in the here and now, understanding how to bring organisation to chaos, and working meticulously on processes around them to maximise efficiency, while creating a clarity on what to do and how to do it. They are often the most 'external', looking at the hard, bare facts, and paying less attention to subjective conjecture or emotion. 

Idealists (Intuition + Ethics): Includes EIE, IEI, EII, and IEE. They are most confident in divining a greater meaning or significance from events while exploring the inner potential of humanity. They may produce content that inspires or moves people to important pursuits, or helps to foster greater appreciation of our differences. They are often the most 'internal', looking within to subjective musings and personal motivations, while chafing at daily practicalities or logistic

Members of a Club are said to not be able to collaborate effectively with each other due to competition.

Communication Styles

Communication Styles are grouped by the 4-dimensional rational IM element (1st or 8th function). They also share the Jungian dichotomies of Ethics/Logic and Introversion/Extraversion. They represent four styles of communicating that aim to affect the behaviour of others and the relationship with them.

Passionate (4D-E): Includes ESE, EIE, SEE, and ((IEE). They are dramatic and easily excited, sometimes melodramatic. They aim to communicate their own emotions and excite the emotions of others.

Cool (4D-L): Includes LII, LSI, ILI, and SLI. They are cool-headed and detached. They reason with people and try to cool down excessive emotions.

Firm (4D-P): Includes ILE, SLE, LIE, and LSE. They are purposeful and straightforward in communication, concerned primarily with getting the outcome that they want rather than their delivery.

Sincere (4D-R): Includes SEI, IEI, ESI, and EII. They are gentle and open about their intentions, compromising and focused on the needs of others.